So you made a few pens but what or how to finish wood pens? Pen finishing techniques will be what sets your pen apart from the rest the art of polishing wooden pens. If the pen is for yourself or family the pen finishing techniques, you use won’t be so much of a problem. You can reapply the finish for friends or family when needed. Selling pens for money either online or at craft fairs needs a better finishing technique. Customers at craft fairs are most often looking for handmade gift ideas. How many are interested in making wooden pens? What they will know about is a poor quality finish.
With a large selection of pens for sale at events and in our online pen shop, I don’t want customers returning stuff or complaining. Good work has people coming back again and again.
Finishes such as wax will offer no long-term protection when finishing wood pens. Wax is a soft finish and no good on furniture or turned work, constant reapplication and maintenance required. If used as a finish on pens the heat from the hand will soon have it melt and wear, never mind on a hot summer’s day. Oils from the skin will soon break it down and leave gummy.
Oil finishes either on their own or used in combination with wax offers the same protection as above. There is wiping varnish used a lot on pens in the USA, this is not available in the UK. This may offer protection on the wood because the varnish will cross-link with itself as you build it up. Wiping varnish will still take time to apply and build up. If you want to make your own, I found this recipe.
Friction polish for pens as above still no good even in some modern concoctions. They saw French polishing as the ultimate finish but only because of the finishes available. Pens in daily use will have a hard life the wear caused by friction and things spilt on them at the office desk. I’m sure as a woodworker you have read articles about white rings on furniture or even asked to repair them. So friction polish is no good for a wooden pen.
Melamine lacquer is an alternative wooden pen finish. Most finishes give off fumes this one included. I have tried this, but it takes time to apply and then left a week to harden. Hardening over a week is fine for bowls but I can’t be doing with it on a pen made with wood.
Super Glue Pen Finish
A super glue pen finish is tough and durable, easy to apply with good results. Super glue adhesive readily available from tool shops or online. The only downside the fumes sometimes given off. Most of the time I notice no fumes, working with good ventilation or with a fan blowing across the bed ways in winter.
Best CA Glue For Pen Finishing
I use none of the propriety glues from the pen suppliers. With the medium or thick glues, I use just the one brand because that’s what the tool shop has. Possibly slight differences between the thin glues mine whatever I can find on eBay in bulk. All the thin glues are so thin just like water and never had a problem. Don’t bother with the small little tubes from the pound shop that’s a waste of time.
CA Pen Finishing Techniques
First sand to 400 grit removing any marks/scratches. For, Ca glue application I use whatever kitchen roll the wife buys. Depending on brand and quality you may be able to cut a sheet in half. Fold the sheet/half sheet into itself until about a finger’s width. Some people use the plastic bag that the pen kit comes in as an alternative to the kitchen roll.
With the towel under the wooden pen pour on two thin coats of Ca glue as the lathe spins, let dry between coats. Once dry apply a couple spots of medium CA to the towel and apply to the bottom of the blanks. Always keep the towel moving with two wipes per spot, do this eight times. Some people use an activator between coats but if you’re not careful, this can cause frosting that needs cutting back.
Too much glue applied to the kitchen towel causes it to smoke, there is a reaction between the two. Remember to work with good ventilation as with any finish.
Polishing A Wooden Pen
Once the glue has dried polishing, the wooden pen can begin. Any moisture in contact with the finish before fully dry will cause frosting. If any frosting is present, it’s best to go back to 240 or maybe 320 grit, then reapply a couple more coats of cyanoacrylate finish. Once everything Ok it’s just then a matter of working through the grits of micro mesh for the stunning gloss finish. With two pens made, and you get used to the pen finishing technique application is fast and easy.
Boiled Linseed Oil And CA Glue Finish
Using BLO or boiled linseed oil and CA glue was first used when the CA finish was new and is an unnecessary step. This was first thought to give better adhesion with the glue and wood (there is another chemical reaction between the two). Using BLO may help to colour the wood a little but super glue does this itself on some woods, more on this further on. The only time I use this BLO and CA glue finish is with an oily wood. Some pens such as a Lignum Vitae pen might have adhesion problems with the wood to be on the safe side I use it.
Pens With Dark Wood
A wooden pen made with dark wood and a super glue finish can turn the pen jet black. This is undesirable as the wood grain can’t be seen and looks like black plastic. Through trial and error, it seems down to grain orientation and how many coatings applied. I couldn’t figure out how much the grain direction has to be off to affect it or if it was a different reaction between each blank. So I have stopped making pens with Black palm and Bog Oak. African Blackwood doesn’t seem affected. For Wenge, a solution with treating the wood or I won’t use this one either.
CA On Other Small Projects
The cyanoacrylate finish doesn’t have to only as a wooden pen finish, with practice someone can use it on other small projects. Cap’n Eddie Castelin uses it as a finish with a spray gun.
Summing up the Ca finish is an advanced pen turning technique that has a superior quality for pens and other wooden items. Do you have any finishing tips or techniques you would like to share? If so, please leave comments below.